Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) minimal server installation

botond published 2020. 09. 23, Wed - 17: 02 time

Content

  1. page: Perform Ubunu 20.04 LTS installation steps
  2. page: Perform post-installation settings and configurations

 

The 1. page content

 

Introductory

Ubuntu released version 2020 LTS (Focal Fossa) on April 23, 20.04, for which it will provide support until April 2025. It has even received an update since the release of 20.04, so currently 20.04.1 LTS is the latest version of this Ubuntu line. About the lifecycles of different versions of Ubuntu exactly here get information.

In this description, we will use version 20.04.1 to create the latest family member for the minimum servers.

 

 

Get Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Ubuntu server download page select the LTS download package 20.04.x. At the time of writing, version 20.04.1 is just up, so I'll get the installation done. The downloaded package contains a 914 MB ISO file.
By default, the following file is downloaded for the 64-bit Intel or AMD architecture: ubuntu-20.04.1-live-server-amd64.iso
If you want to install on a different architecture, select the appropriate one from the top menu.

 

Installation

The installation will normally function as a building block, which means that there will be server installations later that will be built on this. For example LAMP server or perfect server, etc.

There are several ways to install: Write the ISO file to a flash drive Under Windows, or On Debian, or you can install it on a virtual machine. I choose the latter, so one I'll install it on VirtualBox, which I will add to the downloads later.

Boot System

After booting the machine from the ISO file in any way, the installer will start:

Minimal server - Installing Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) - Starting the installer

At first, a few things run, and then we find ourselves in the installer right away.

Language and locale settings

A list of languages ​​appears:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Language selection

Select the appropriate language here.

Installer update

Here I have an upgrade step that says "Installer update available". Despite the recent download, there seems to be a newer installation version. Here you can choose from three options:

  • Update to the new installer
  • Continue without updating
  • Back

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Installer update

If you already have another installer, I will choose the first option here, "Upgrade to the new installer".

(Of course, if someone is downloading the latest installer, this step will be skipped.)

Then you will download the things you need and you will let go of the next step.

Keyboard setup

Here you can select your keyboard layout and version, or select the "Keyboard Identification" option:

 

 

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Keyboard configuration

Here, if you just don't know your exact allocation, choose the authentication feature. An information panel will appear stating that automatic keyboard detection has started and that you will be asked a series of more questions and that you can return to the previous screen at any time with the ESC key:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Keyboard configuration - Automatic configuration

Select OK.

You will then be asked to press one of the following keys:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Keyboard detection 1.

Here you press one of the keys listed. Then comes the following:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Keyboard detection 2.

Let's press down here, too, what you have to offer us. In this case, here is the "w" key. It then asks for another one and asks if the displayed character is available on the keyboard (in this case, "ö"):

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Keyboard detection 3.

Here, select according to your keyboard whether it is available or not. If you select yes, you will also be asked to press that key:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Keyboard detection 4.

Press the desired key.

The keyboard detection is still complete, it lists which keyboard it has detected, and if it is correct, continue with OK, but you can also go back to start detection again:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Keyboard detection ready

If all went well, move on with the green OK option. We then return to the main keyboard layout window, where we can review the whole thing, or even start over, if necessary:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Keyboard configured

If all is well, move on to Done.

Set up a network

The installer displays the network card detected on the server. The device name enp0s3 is currently automatically assigned to this. The IP addresses during the current installation a DHCP assigned, this will later be migrated to a fixed IP address. If you do not get the address via DHCP, but have a real fixed address, you can also enter it here by selecting the top network device option:

 

 

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Network setup - Network device setup

So if you get the IP address via DHCP, go ahead with Done.

Then the proxy setting follows:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Network setup - Proxy setup

If you are connecting to the Internet through a proxy, configure it here. If you are not connected to a proxy or you do not know about it, leave it blank and move on to the Done option.

In the next window you can configure the Ubuntu mirror:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Network configuration - Mirror configuration

You can leave this at the default setting, but if you want to use another mirror we can pick from here. Whatever we choose, it will be later APT package manager we can set this again at any time. I leave this at the offered setting.

Partitioning disks

Now the partitions are partitioned.

In this description a simple BIOS mode is performed, which MBR partitioning scheme will use. We will make it in another description UEFIinstallation, which is GPT partitioning scheme will be built.

Minimal server - Installing Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) - Partitioning disks

This virtual machine has a 25GB hard drive. If you do not want to create a custom partitioning schema, go to Done. If you want to set up custom partitions, select the "Custom storage layout" option below. Here we move on to the Done option.

Then we get another overview window where we can review how the partitions are divided:

Minimal Server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) Installation - Disk Partitioning - Overview

The automatic partitioning feature created for us a 1 MB partition for GRUB, a 1 GB partition for / boot, and the rest for the entire file system. Here, too, proceed with the Done option.

He then warns us that we need to approve the partitioning, as an irreversible operation will be performed:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Partitioning disks - Confirm operation

Select Next here.

profile Settings

In this step, you can set your server name and user:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Profile setup

 

 

The following must be provided:

  • Your name: Enter your full name here.
  • Server name: Enter the host name of your server. It's not here FQDN we need to enter a name, only the hostname.
  • Choose a username: Enter any username here.
  • Choose a password: Enter a password.
  • Confirm password: Let's enter it again

Once we are done, move on.

SSH setting

You will also need an SSH server for remote access. In this step, you can set this:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - SSH server setup

Check the top "Install OpenSSH Server" here. Also, if necessary, here you can also import SSH keys to use we can log in without a password remotely into our system. These can, of course, be set later. If you selected the option, move on.

Additional services

As a final step, the installer offers some frequently used features that are installed through Snap:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Additional services

We don't have to select anything here, as this installation is made for the base system, so later we will install the necessary things ourselves in the APT or using snap package managers. So select the done option to complete the installation.

Installation complete

Finally, the installer completes the necessary tasks:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Installation complete

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Installation complete

Don't press restart here yet, wait for it to finish:

Minimal server - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) installation - Installation complete

And when you're done, you can go for a reboot.

 

 

Let's not go anywhere yet, a next page continue with further server settings.

 

 

Navigation

This description consists of several pages: