Recent encyclopedia entries

MBR (Master Boot Record)

botond published 2020. 03. 02., H - 10: 26 time
Master Boot Record (MBR) is a special boot sector at the very beginning of partitioned computer storage. Examples of such devices are built-in or removable hard drives, SSDs, and flash drives. The MBR concept was officially introduced in PC DOS 1983 in 2.0 and has been running on PCs with BIOS since then.

GPT (GUID Partition Table)

botond published 2020. 02. 28., P - 13: 56 time
The GUID Partition Table (GPT) is a standard for arranging partition tables for physical computer storage devices, such as hard drives or SSDs, which uses universally unique identifiers (also known as GUIDs) to identify partitions on storage devices. . GPT is part of the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) standard.

CSM (Compatibility Support Module)

botond published 2020. 02. 19, Wed - 14: 05 time
With the help of CSM (Compatibility Support Module), modern UEFI motherboards on PCs are backward compatible with legacy BIOS motherboards, which were booted from hard disks with MBR partitions. So, thanks to the CSM module, UEFI motherboards can also boot operating systems from these older drives.

Free Software Foundation

botond published 2020. 01. 31., P - 11: 02 time
The Free Software Foundation, or FSF, is a nonprofit organization founded by Richard Stallman on October 1985, 4 to support the free software movement that promotes universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software.

UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface)

botond published 2020. 01. 18, Sat - 10: 45 time
UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) is a specification that defines the interface between the operating system and the platform firmware. UEFI replaces the previous BIOS (Basic Input Output System) originally found on all IBM PC-compatible PCs, but most UEFI implementations that are still in use today support legacy BIOS services using the Compatibility Support Module (CSM).

BIOS (Basic Input Output System)

botond published 2020. 01. 03., P - 14: 50 time
BIOS stands for Basic Input / Output System, a system that initializes hardware during the system startup process and provides runtime services for operating systems and programs.

UUID (Universally unique identifier)

botond published 2019. 12. 22., V - 15: 45 time
The universally unique identifier (UUID) is a 128-bit number used to identify information in computer systems. The term globally unique identifier (GUID) is also used, usually in software created by Microsoft.


botond published 2019. 12. 21, Sat - 17: 33 time
GRUB is the GNU Project operating system software package that allows you to select which system to boot when you have more than one installed, or to start a particular kernel configuration on a given operating system partition.

Multi-Processing Modules (MPMs)

botond published 2019. 10. 22., K - 19: 40 time
Apache Multi-Processing Modules (MPMs) Introduction to Encyclopedia: Apache's modular architecture allows the server to contain a variety of modules that can more efficiently handle incoming requests by running multiple child processes. These modules are called Multi-Processing Modules (MPMs).