Linux tutorials, system administration, web hosting, programming

How to update our hold packages using the APT package manager

botond published 2020/01/31, p - 20:22 time
When updating our packages, the APT package manager may hold some pieces. This is mostly because a particular program sometimes goes through changes that change the package dependency of the base software. In this case, you would need additional new packages, sometimes ones that require the replacement of other packages. Thus, in some cases, the normal-mode package update does not perform an update to such software, but APT leaves the matter to the user. In this brief description, let’s look at an example of how to update our packages withheld in this way.

Free Software Foundation

botond published 2020/01/31, p - 11:02 time
The Free Software Foundation, or FSF for short, is a nonprofit organization founded by Richard Stallman on October 1985, 4 to support the free software movement, which promotes universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software.

How to configure custom PHP versions on our ISPConfig server

botond published 2020. 01. 27., h - 18:30 time
If you run multiple websites on your server, you may need to run a different version of PHP for each website. When using ISPConfig, this is a very simple task, as the control panel can run multiple versions of PHP at the same time. In this tutorial, we will review how to configure PHP instances installed on a server in FastCGI and PHP-FPM modes.

Creating a recovery flash drive using GParted Live

botond published Jan. 2020, 01, 22:15 p.m. time
A system recovery flash drive is a bootable device that can be used to save damaged file systems or perform maintenance on them when the operating system is unable to start due to the damage, or even to recover a broken GRUB if it is not working properly. In this description, we will make and test a recovery flash drive, which will not hurt if you are always lurking in your pocket in case there is any problem with your computer later.

UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface)

botond published 2020/01/18, Sat - 10:45 time
UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) is a specification that defines the interface between the operating system and the platform firmware. UEFI replaces the previous Basic Input Output System (BIOS) that was originally found on all IBM PC-compatible personal computers, but most UEFI implementations still in use today also support legacy BIOS features through the Compatibility Support Module (CSM).

BIOS (Basic Input Output System)

botond published 2020/01/03, p - 14:50 time
BIOS stands for Basic Input / Output System, a system that initializes hardware during the system startup process and provides runtime services for operating systems and programs.

Perfect server: Debian 10 (Buster) V1.0

botond published March 2020, 01, Thu - 02:17 time
In this tutorial, we build the perfect Debian 10 (Buster) server version 1.0, which we build on the previous Debian 10 (Buster) LAMP server. On this page, we do the following: compression, installation of the mail system, additional settings for MariaDB and Apache, installation of spam filters and anti-virus software.

How to use UUID unique identifiers to consistently mount partitions

botond published 2019. 12. 23., h - 17:25 time
The Universally Unique Identifier (UUID) is a unique identifier that Linux systems also use to identify different volumes / partitions so that the mountings of different block devices do not change even if the connection order of the hard drives in the computer changes, such as during maintenance. . In this tutorial, we will look at how to use UUIDs in our fstab file instead of device names to mount our partitions in a consistent way.