Linux tutorials, system administration, web hosting, programming

How to update our hold packages using the APT package manager

botond published 2020. 01. 31., P - 20: 22 time
When upgrading our packages, the APT package manager may withhold some pieces. This is usually because a program sometimes undergoes changes that change the package dependency of the underlying software. In such cases, you would need additional packages, sometimes requiring replacement or removal of other packages. In some cases, therefore, the normal mode packet update does not update such software, but APT leaves the user with this issue. In this brief description, we will look at an example of how to update our retained packages in this way.

Free Software Foundation

botond published 2020. 01. 31., P - 11: 02 time
The Free Software Foundation, or FSF, is a nonprofit organization founded by Richard Stallman on October 1985, 4 to support the free software movement that promotes universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software.

How to configure custom PHP versions on our ISPConfig server

botond published 2020. 01. 27., H - 18: 30 time
If you have multiple web pages on our server, you may need to run a different PHP version per web page. Using ISPConfig is a very simple task as the control panel can run multiple versions of PHP at the same time. In this tutorial, we will walk you through how to configure PHP instances installed on the server in FastCGI and PHP-FPM modes.

Creating a recovery flash drive using GParted Live

botond published 2020. 01. 22, Wed - 15: 40 time
A recovery flash drive is a bootable device that can be used to save or repair corrupted file systems when the operating system fails to boot due to the damage, or even to recover a disintegrated GRUB if it is not working properly. In this tutorial, we will make and try a recovery flash drive, which is good to keep in your pocket whenever there is a problem with your computer in the future.

UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface)

botond published 2020. 01. 18, Sat - 10: 45 time
UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) is a specification that defines the interface between the operating system and the platform firmware. UEFI replaces the previous BIOS (Basic Input Output System) originally found on all IBM PC-compatible PCs, but most UEFI implementations that are still in use today support legacy BIOS services using the Compatibility Support Module (CSM).

BIOS (Basic Input Output System)

botond published 2020. 01. 03., P - 14: 50 time
BIOS stands for Basic Input / Output System, a system that initializes hardware during the system startup process and provides runtime services for operating systems and programs.

Perfect server: Debian 10 (Buster) V1.0

botond published 2020. 01. 02., Cs - 17: 15 time
In this tutorial, we build the perfect Debian 10 (Buster) server version 1.0, which we build on the previous Debian 10 (Buster) LAMP server. On this page, we do the following: compression, installation of the mail system, additional settings for MariaDB and Apache, installation of spam filters and anti-virus software.

How to use UUID unique identifiers to consistently mount partitions

botond published 2019. 12. 23., H - 17: 25 time
The Universally Unique Identifier (UUID) is a unique identifier that Linux systems use to identify different volumes / partitions, so that the mountings on different block devices cannot change even if the order of hard drives on the computer changes, for example, during maintenance. . In this tutorial we will look at how to use UUIDs in our fstab file instead of device names to mount our partitions in a consistent manner.